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WHAT'S NEXT?: Russia is becoming an independent geopolitical actor. Russia will seek to maintain the world's strategic balance of power. A resurgent Russia is likely to continue to stir up trouble across much of Central and East Europe and the Middle East. It remains to be seen whether a rapprochement is possible with the U.S. And, Russia's economy is expected to return to modest growth in late 2016 and 2017, further strengthening its hand.

  • [New] TURKEY MAY BUY RUSSIAN WARPLANES: Turkey's temper tantrum against the U.S. continues after defense industry chief ISMAIL DEMIR said Ankara would purchase Russian warplanes if the Biden administration will not sell it F-16. Politico
  • [New] Overall, analysts say, at least half a dozen large Russian companies in energy, shipping and mining will benefit from global warming. The New York Times
  • [New] A desire for independence and divergent political interests will lead China and Russia to avoid the risks that might emerge from closer cooperation, which will prevent them from seamlessly combining their power and more effectively challenging the United States. Rand Corporation
  • [New] Because of America's nuclear arsenal, the Soviet Union could hardly have destroyed the budding forces of Britain and France; but the United States could have struck the Soviet Union's early nuclear facilities, and the United States and the Soviet Union could have struck China's. acad
  • [New] Even as countries like China and the United States are expecting to cut back on coal extraction in the decades ahead, that would be offset by plans for new mining in places like Australia, India and Russia. The New York Times
  • [New] Close proximity to Europe and Asia will facilitate growth in Russia's net natural gas exports through established pipeline infrastructure, potential future pipeline additions, and liquefied natural gas exports. EIA - Energy Information Administration
  • [New] Ukraine fears that its European allies, such as Germany, are too reliant on Russia for gas supplies, especially after the Biden administration waived sanctions on the Nord Stream 2 pipeline. The Times
  • [New] Experts from Lithuania (which neighbors Kaliningrad) have consistently expressed the view that all Russian nuclear weapons are strategic, and equally threatening. Foreign Policy Research Institute
  • [New] Natural gas - which is less polluting than coal - and its carbon-absorbing forests will be key to Russia's approach to reducing its net emissions. The New York Times
  • [New] The United States must recognize that in the global competition against Russia and China, the velocity with which it can disseminate information could provide advantages. Modern War Institute
  • [New] Nord Stream 2 will allow Russia to consolidate much of its gas exports directly to Germany as a transit country, thereby making European energy supplies heavily dependent on Russia-German relations. EnergyNow
  • [New] Concern is growing that frustration at years of waiting in vain for the EU's doors to open could push some candidate countries closer to Russia and China. The New Indian Express
  • [New] Coal fuelled generation must be phased out by 2031 for OECD countries, Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Union, 2032 for Latin America, 2034 for Middle East and Africa and 2037 for Non-OECD Asia (includes China and India). Climate Action 100+
  • [New] China and Russia displayed a stronger joint combat capability and a higher level of military cooperation, which is a warning to the US and its allies. Global Times
  • [New] Russia was taking advantage of the energy crisis to ensure that Europe will soon start importing gas through the highly contentious Nord Stream 2 pipeline that will run gas straight to Germany. Politico
  • [New] The United States might sell F-16 fighters to Turkey after its decision to exclude Ankara from the program of developing the F-35 fifth-generation fighter, following Ankara's purchase of Russia's S-400 air defense missile systems. TASS
  • [New] Russian President Vladimir Putin has consistently downplayed the risks of climate change, with Russia emerging as the most vocal opponent to discussing the security implications of climate change within the UN Security Council. The Conversation
  • [New] The US warned Turkey of further risks to bilateral ties if it bought more weapons from Russia. The Times Of India
  • [New] Russia's gas supplies to Europe could potentially affect the U.S liquified natural gas (LNG) which the U.S has offered as an alternative to Russian gas. E-International Relations
  • [New] China will likely face further German challenge over its human rights policies, and Russian President Vladimir Putin will face additional scrutiny of his power blackmail strategy. Breaking U.S News
  • [New] Despite the Bank of Russia maintaining a skeptical stance on crypto, Russian President Vladimir Putin thinks that cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin work well for transferring funds worldwide and could become a means of accumulation one day. CoinTelegraph
  • [New] Americans seem to be most concerned by the threats that China and Russia pose: 73% of Americans thought the Chinese government was a big threat to the cybersecurity of the U.S. government, while 72% thought the Russian government was a big threat. FiveThirtyEight
  • Russia is the source of 41% of Europe's gas imports and its leverage will grow as it opens the Nord Stream 2 pipeline and develops markets in Asia. The Economist

Last updated: 23 October 2021